I spent the weekend going through the photos that I took in Singapore last October. Inspired by my monochrome interpretation of a barbecue, I decided to render more images using an Agfa APX 25 film simulation.


I usually take photos using a digital camera (Fuji x100) in raw mode and process the images in colour. I love having colours in my pictures and how they enliven each image.

With photography, there are many details that I want to record and show of each moment. Which is why I sometimes struggle when working with black and white as I feel like I’m taking something away from the pictures.

But am I?

One thing that struck me over the weekend was that by stripping away the colours, I was adding more to these images. With the photos in black and white, albeit the many shades in between, there were less distractions vying for my attention. The mood of each image immediately became more prominent.


Yesterday, I watched a short video on Daido Moriyama. Produced by Tate, the documentary captures Moriyama’s approach to street photography.

It was interesting to see that he shoots using a compact digital camera. What piqued my curiosity was that he would take photos in colour, review them as they are on the computer before deciding which ones to process in black and white.

During the Magnum photography workshop in Heidelberg, Chien-Chi said that you look at things differently when you shoot in colour versus when photographing in black and white. I tend to agree with him.

But now I’m not so sure after seeing Moriyama’s workflow in the video. Does he see the world in colour or monochrome when photographing?

In the video, he said, “The reason why I think black and white photography is erotic is completely due to my body’s instinctive response. Monochrome has stronger elements of abstraction or symbolism. There’s perhaps an element of taking you to another place. Black and white has that physical effect on me, that’s just the way I respond to things. Colour is something more vulgar. Because the colour is making the decisions, it feels vulgar and that seems to me to be the difference.

Fish & prawn01a25bwb

Decades ago, most people shot in black and white because that was all they had if they wanted to take photos. When colour photography reached the masses, monochrome photography took a backseat. Black and white photography was, and still is, regarded as the chosen format for serious photographers or artists.

I don’t buy such generalisations or stereotypes.

I think great photos can be made regardless of whether one is using a toy camera (e.g. Lomo LC-A) or mechanically superior one (e.g. any Leica). Doesn’t matter whether you shooting on film or with a digital camera. Neither whether it is in colour or black and white.

What matters is what you – be it as the photographer or the viewer – take away from it. As Moriyama expressed in the same video, “I think that the most important thing that photography can do is to relate both the photographer and the viewer’s memories.”


For instance: The photo above is of my parents with one of my nieces. My mum was chatting with my aunt to whom we paid an impromptu visit after lunch. My dad was happily snacking away while the little girl was holding onto his hand. This image is precious to me and makes me smile every time.

Some people, including Moriyama, consider monochrome photos to have “stronger elements of abstraction or symbolism” than images in colour. I can see why this might be so as colours would provide additional information in an image.

In black and white, there’s more room for ambiguity and re-interpretation, contrary to the popular expression of “black and white”!

While I don’t take abstract photos, I thought this photo might suffice to show the possibility for ambiguity.


Though most Singaporeans, as well as anyone who has spent enough time in Singapore in the 1980s and 1990s, would recognise this in a blink! For comparison, click here for some photos of the same spot in colour.


As mentioned earlier, I find that there are less distractions in a monochrome image than a coloured one. In a way, rendering a picture in black and white acts as a “clutter filter”.

The following images – the first taken at a hawker centre, the latter at the fabulous Morton’s bar – are rich in colours and action. I bounced back and forth between monochrome and colour as each portrayed a distinct atmosphere.

For comparison, here’s showing two versions of the picture taken at the hawker centre:



Do you have a preference between the two?

I prefer the monochrome image. I like how the overhead metal roof structure pops out against the busy dinner crowd beneath, a clear juxtaposition of structure against disorder (just a little; Singapore is very organised).

With the photo of Morton’s bar, the black and white image was also a clear winner. While I like the look of the warm light passing through the coloured bottles, I find the forms of the bottles more attractive.

When in monochrome, the elegant lines of the bottles stand out against the the passing blur of a bartender in the background.


By the way, Morton’s bar offers complimentary mini steak filet sandwiches during their “Mortini Night” happy hours (Monday-Saturday, 1700-1900) and serves delicious martinis. Not to be missed if you are in the vicinity of Mandarin Oriental Singapore!

Morton's @ Mandarin Oriental03a25bw

What’s my conclusion?

I think that monochrome and coloured photos provide distinct views of the world and what we experience.

Sometimes, black and white just works better than colour, and vice-versa. Perhaps one day, a picture that you so loved in monochrome would appear more striking or impressive in full colour, and vice-versa.

Photography is both a means of communication and personal expression. At the end of the day, what matters is how the photo makes you feel, how you relate to it and the memories that it evokes.

Doesn’t really matter whether it is in colour or in black and white, don’t you think?

19 replies on “Seeing the World in Monochrome

  1. The hawker shot is much better in monochrome. Why? Because the subject has no strong contrasts and you can play with the tonality more in B&W – just my view. For street photography or candids I feel that colour needs contrast and / or vibrancy to make an impact. There are specific colours that work well together and some clash. So unless the clash is an intentional effect I want I go for clean, strong colour like this: https://plus.google.com/+AndrewHardacre/photos/photo/5879991445749262354
    I really like B&W for portraits like this: https://plus.google.com/+AndrewHardacre/photos/photo/5871478614357908866
    Taken incidentally with an X100 in pouring rain and dreadful light (Cambodia). I often revisit the work of the old masters like Cartier-Bresson and never cease to admire his work. Over time I think the eye works out what is better for any given situation and does indeed pre-visualise the finished image. Its all part of the learning experience.

    1. Agree with you about the lack of contrasts in the hawker centre shot. The light in this picture was also all over the plac. One thing I have found very handy with B&W photography is that it often saves a picture shot in low light at high ISO because I’ll be able to tweak the contrasts to a satisfactory effect whereas in colour, the image would have ended up looking quite crazy.

      Strange – the links bring me to albums of photos so I don’t really know which ones were you specifying. Great selection of pics and very nice to see many of your bird shots at one go. By the way, I didn’t know that you could use Google+ as a photo album/portfolio!

      Regarding HCB: If you happen to pass through Paris before 9 June, there is a major retrospective featuring some 500 of his pictures at Centre Pompidou:

  2. I also like the black and white of the hawker centre. What you said is very true – it’s the person *behind* the camera that makes the photo. And for those of us (like me) who just enjoy it as a hobby, as long as one is *personally* satisfied with their photography, isn’t that all that matters? 🙂

    On a side note, also think what makes a good photography is very subjective.

  3. I love how you see the world in monochrome. This is a beautiful series of black and white (and in the one instance I do prefer the B&W over the colour version). Nice work!

  4. First things first…I think the photographs you have taken are fabulous! Each one, bar none! To get back to the colour vs. monochrome debate, I would tend to agree with you…it depends…in some cases, monochrome will just not be be able to capture the essence which the colours speak, but in others, the colours would be distractive, while the b/w would create a greater impact…take for instance, the hawkers corner shot…the colour shot, in my opinion, has too many things vying for the viewer’s attention…whereas the monochrome leaves a longer lasting impact! So, it depends on what is being captured and how….As usual, a thoroughly enjoyable post! 🙂

  5. Another interesting post, with goos photos! The choice between color or B&W is a difficult one for me, I shoot both but not in the same time. In the last few weeks I shoot more film than digital which means I have to decide before shooting! For me it depends, as pure documentary photo is possible color is the way, think at magazines like National Geographic or Geo. But if the intent is to create emotion probably B&W add something because viewers are less distracted by the emotion coming from the colors. For my upcoming trip I decided to shoot B&Won film (but my wife will shoot color digital!).
    PS: it somehow great your post arrived in the moment when I’m trying to opposite process: printing modified B&W and adding “Instagram like” effect with watercolor a nd brushes…not sure it works…

    1. Hi Robert, thanks for sharing your thoughts and I agree with you that it really just depends on what you (the photographer) is looking for and to communicate. At the end of the day, the camera (and the film, if any) is a tool to enable you to express yourself.

      I think that it’s a great idea that your wife will be taking photos in colour while you’re photographing only with B&W film! Actually, that is what my boyfriend often does when we travel – he prefers using B&W film on his rangefinder.

  6. I like !! I have a constant struggle within between monochrome and colour, which even lulls me to sleep some nights 😉 But .. i can tell you this much – if i had to leave with the somewhat plasticky-unexciting, flat and “perfect” images coming out of most smaller digitals, i’d be like DM – black only / mostly ..

    Great images! Go on ..

    1. Thank you! It’s great that we have more options (affordable too) than before when it comes to photography, which means there is more room to try various possibilities to create images to see what works best for us.

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